All of us know that voting procedures can get a little complicated at times. So, I've answered any question you may have and also sorted them by topic! This is as simple as it gets.
What causes errors on voter lists?
There are 3 kinds of errors that the voter lists generally have:
Errors of omission - Names that ought to be there on the voter list (valid Form 6 applications) but still are not there.
Errors of commission - Names that ought not to be there since the voter has moved to a different address or has died, but still figures on the voter list.
Errors in spelling or details such as name, age, sex etc.
There are many causes for high percentage of errors on voter lists, especially in the cities:
The process by which applications (Form 6/7/8/8A) are managed by Booth Level Officers (BLO) and Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) is highly manual and person dependent. There isn't much technology enablement in the process currently. This is the most serious challenge that has resulted in poor quality of urban voter lists.
Most voter lists in India are prepared by enumerators in local languages only and the English version of the voter list is prepared centrally by Election Commission of India (ECI) through transliteration. As a result, several errors in spelling crop up.
Due to high rates of migration in cities, there is usually a lag between a person shifting house from one place to another and ECI updating the same in voter list. Normally, people do not take the effort to apply for cancellation of their names on voter list when moving to a new place.
A list of names for corrections is usually published and displayed at the office of Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) of your constituency. If the ERO is satisfied with the details given by you, your application will be accepted without any inquiry, within a week. If any other person challenges the proposed corrections, the ERO may conduct an inquiry. You will receive a notice of hearing either in person, or by registered post. If needed, you may have to appear before the ERO in person and give evidence to support your claim under oath.
To confirm whether the corrections are made, you will have to check your name in the draft electoral roll which is published after every revision. If you wish to make any further corrections, you will have 2-3 weeks to apply for claims and objections before the final electoral roll gets published. Both the draft and final electoral rolls are published at polling stations and at the office of your ERO.
How do I get the names of deceased family members deleted from the list?
Names of the ineligible/ dead/shifted voters can be deleted from the existing electoral roll by filling Form 7 and submitting it to the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) of your constituency, along with supporting documents. Any family member can apply for deletion of name from voter list.
The names of the dead persons are deleted from the electoral roll by the ERO concerned after verification of the registers of births and deaths.