All of us know that voting procedures can get a little complicated at times. So, I've answered any question you may have and also sorted them by topic! This is as simple as it gets.
What are the different kinds of elections that I can vote in?
As a citizen of India, you can vote in the following 3 kinds of elections:
General elections or Parliamentary elections or Lok Sabha elections - To elect your MP (Member of Parliament)
State elections or Legislative Assembly Elections or Vidhan Sabha elections - To elect your MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly)
Local body elections or Municipal Corporation elections (in cities) - To elect your ward corporator / councillor.
Additionally, if you are residing at Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra or Uttar Pradesh and are eligible to be in Teacher's Constituency or Graduate Constituency, you can also vote in Legislative Council elections, to elect your MLC (Member of Legislative Council).
What is a voter list/electoral roll? Where can I find them?
Voter list (also called Electoral Roll) is a list of all registered voters, as per the records of Election Commission. This is the official document referred on Election Day when deciding who is entitled to vote and who is not. When you Register to vote, you are registering to get your name included on the voter list of your Assembly Constituency (AC). The same list is valid for Parliamentary Constituency (PC) as well.
Voter list for each AC is broken into parts or polling booths. Each polling booth has an average of 1000 to 1500 voters. All of these are listed serially (house number wise) on the voter list. Voter lists contain the following details for each voter:
Name of relation
EPIC/Voter ID card number (if available)
Photograph (if it is a photo electoral roll)
You can find the latest voter list for your polling booth at the office of your Electoral Registration Officer (ERO). For many states, you can find the voter lists online at the website of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO).
Election Commission of India (ECI) is the apex body that conducts elections in India. It was established on January 25, 1950. ECI is an autonomous, quasi-judiciary constitutional body created to conduct free and fair elections to representative bodies in India. Under Article 324 of the Constitution of India, the ECI, is vested with the power of superintendence, direction and control of conducting the elections to the offices of President, Vice-President, both houses of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) and both houses of State Legislature (Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council).
Local body elections (also called Municipal Elections in cities) are conducted by the respective State Election Commissions. The State Election Commissions were constituted under the Constitution (Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth) Amendments Act, 1992 for each State/Union Territory, and are vested with the powers of conduct of elections to the Municipal Corporations, Muncipalities, Zilla Parishads, District Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis, Gram Panchayats and other local bodies. They are independent of the ECI.
Election Commission of India (ECI) is the apex body that conducts all central and state level elections in India. ECI is headed by a Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and two Election Commissioners. They are in-charge of the overall election administration.
At the state level and below, following are the relevant ECI officials:
Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) of a State/Union Territory is authorized to supervise the election work in the State/Union Territory subject to the overall superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an Officer of the Government of the State/Union Territory as the Chief Electoral Officer in consultation with that State Government/Union Territory Administration.
District Election Officer (DEO) supervises the election work in a district, subject to the superintendence, direction and control of the Chief Electoral Officer. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an Officer of the State Government as the District Election Officer in consultation with the State Government.
Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) is responsible for preparation of electoral rolls and Voter ID cards for a Parliamentary Constituency (PC) or Assembly Constituency (AC). The ECI in consultation with the State/UT Government appoints an Officer of the Government or the Local Authorities as the ERO. In addition, the ECI also appoints one or more Assistant Electoral Registration Officers (AERO) to assist the ERO in the performance of his functions in the matter of preparation/revision of electoral rolls.
Booth Level Officer (BLO) is responsible for preparation of electoral rolls, address verification, house-to-house enumeration for one polling booth area in an Assembly Constituencies. They co-ordinate all other grassroots activities of the ECI as well such as voter list correction, photo electoral roll drives etc.
Except for the Election Commissioners and the Chief Electoral Officer, others (DEO, ERO, AERO, BLO) are not full time employees of the Election Commission. These are government officials who have additional election duties at specific time periods during the year.